Together with the theoretical and technical breakthrough of the natural sciences and their penetration into the field of humanitarian knowledge, we are increasingly confronted with an attempt to either “complete” philosophy or replace its place with science and technology, while assigning the name of philosophy to these areas. The classics of poststructuralism (Foucault, Deleuze, Derrida), despite a radical break with the classical theory of knowledge, continued to insist on philosophy as a method of thought.
However, in today's theories of artificial intelligence, computing and cybernetics, speculative design, the basic guidelines of philosophy - truth or its absence, an event or rejection of it, aesthetic phenomena or their destruction, a single political subject or its multiplicity, universal or individual - is disqualified as “obsolete ". For example, according to Lucianne Parisi, thought in the post-cybernetic epoch is possible only as a new unpredictable development of artificial intelligence, as a new software (sortware).
The main thing in such a theory of knowledge is the autonomy and autopoiesis of machines and neural networks - a paradigm that can be traced already in the philosophy of the technique of Gilbert Simondon. In this context, the critic of cybernetic and technical essentialism by the Soviet philosopher Ewald Ilyenkov in his 1960s pamphlet The Secret of the Black Box, where he insists on the impossibility of replacing the mind with intelligence and philosophy with science, takes on special significance.
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